Answer: Answer: Modern society requires speedy and efficient transport systems to assist in the production, distribution and consumption of goods. They provide services like transport, accommodation, entertainment and other services. Our nation's economy, like most modern world economies, has developed from one built on the extraction of raw materials for consumption and sale to one that is now more dependent on revenue from services. (v) Examples: data processing, accounting services, call centres and customer support. (b) Trading, Question 1. They are vital for advertising and entertainment. Personal and professional services are not well developed here, but they are important to cater to the basic demand of rural people. Answer: “Tourism is highly labour intensive activity of unique kind in the world.” Support this statement with examples. What is retail service? New York, Tokyo and London together cover the world for the purpose of financial trading. The tertiary sector of the economy is a collection of industries that produce mostly intangible value, meaning value that has no physical form.It is a hallmark of advanced economies to have a large tertiary sector that generates a high percentage of GDP and employment. At every stage in this complex system, the value of the material is significantly enhanced by transportation. Answer: Link: Every road that joins two nodes is called a link. Service sector is well developed in regions where there is high technological and educational know how. (Delhi 2009) The highest level of decision makers or policy makers perform quinary activities. (ii) It can be in two forms—visual or audio. The quaternary activities has replaced most of the primary and secondary activities as the basis of economic growth. Name the fastest emerging countries of medical tourism in the world. It links different parts of country with each other and with other countries as well, which increases national and global linkage. In developing countries, the use of cell phones, made possible by satellites, is important for rural connectivity. Answer the following questions in not more than 150 words: Question 3. Tourism fosters the growth of infrastructure industries, retail trading, and craft industries (souvenirs). Quaternary activities are knowledge oriented. How is transport distance measured? How quickly countries can provide ICT access and benefits to its citizens is the deciding factor. Quaternary activities basically refer to the more intellectual occupations, whose task is to think, research and development. Question 2. This is the sector that comprises top executives and professionals involved in government jobs, universities, science, culture, healthcare, etc. Secondary Industries. The larger the population size, the greater is the demand for transport. the transport systems. For example in ancient China usually four basic classes or categories of people were recognized, and among these, persons involved in Exchange, involves trade, transport and communication facilities that are used to overcome distance. Quinary Activity is very Unique:-As Quinary Activity is a very very highly qualified economic activity, where the workers of this economic activity is called Golden Collar Worker. Food production has many sections and it starts with basic things like cleaning, packing, s… Tertiary activities are related to the service sector. Answer: Our goal is to promote academic endeavour and research into the Italian language, culture and environmental … Evaluate the importance of ‘quaternary activities ’. All types of services are special skills provided in exchange of payments. 3. Consumer cooperatives: A cooperative business which is owned by its consumers for mutual sharing of benefit, after setting aside money for investment, is known as consumer cooperative. This is the business activity concerned with the sale of goods directly to the consumers. “ Services are very important aspect for economic development of a country”. Answer: Give examples of rural marketing centres. Information technology brought the major breakthrough in genetic engineering which can be applied in various field such as energy, medicines, healthcare and manufacturing. Transport: The opening-up of tourist areas has been aided by improvement in transport facilities. Low- order services, such as grocery, shops and laundries, are more common and widespread than high-order services or more specialized ones like those of accountants, consultants and physicians. Its process comprises of scientific approaches. Rural marketing centers cater to nearby settlements, these are semi urban centers of rudimentary type and act as local collecting and distributing centers. plant domestication. New trends in quinary services include knowledge processing outsourcing (KPO) and ‘home shoring’, the latter as an alternative to outsourcing. So highly reached Administrative, Conductive, Directive, direct relation to Information Technology, Merit, Skill and self-thinking base Service are categorized into Quaternary Activity. Over half of the workers in the developed economies are in the knowledge sector. Define Quinary activity. It has not made much progress. The Quinary … Network: With the development of transport system, different places . It includes both production and exchange. Answer: (CBSE 2018) (iii) It is done through fixed stores- large shops as well as through non-stores-street peddling, door- to-door, mail-order, telephone, automatic vending machines and internet. Question 7. Often referred to as ‘gold collar’ professions, they represent another subdivision of the tertiary sector representing special and highly paid skills of senior business executives, government officials, research scientists, financial and legal consultants, etc. Some are geared to industry, some to people; and some to both industry and people, e.g. Human beings have used different methods long-distance communications of which the telegraph and the telephone were important. These services are mainly concentrated in fast growing developed countries with specialized knowledge, technical skills, and administrative competence. (d) There may be dissatisfaction among job seekers in the countries that outsource the job. Answer: It does not involved in material production and stand in contrast to manufacturingindustries which produce goods of different varieties. Answer: Download : … (b) Catching Fish, Question 1. Define transport & communication. Modem means of transportation system has given free choice of location to industries. Quinary Sector. The three characteristics of quaternary activities are as follows-This is a specialized and complex category of activities which is mainly concerned with knowledge such as education, information and development. 2017) Describe quaternary services. (iii) Question 1. Answer: Trading center may be rural and urban. Services occur at many different levels. Improvements in the standard of living and increased leisure time, permit many more people to go on holidays for leisure. The outputs are the end product and the income earned from it. The reasons responsible for this are as follows: Question 4. Services once generated can be easily availed by many and provide high monetary value in terms of wages, service charges etc. Define Quaternary activity. Answer: Due to these activities, the economic activities have stretched over larger distances across continents. (i) It refers to the transmitting of messages, facts and ideas either by words-oral or written; or through body or para language. Internet together with fax, television and radio will be accessible to more and more people cutting across place and time. Tourism fosters the growth of infrastructure industries, retail trading, and craft industries (souvenirs). The following are examples of industries that are considered … Quaternary Economy. (i) Rural marketing centre provide facility to nearby settlements. Others include winter sports regions, found mainly in mountainous areas, and various scenic landscapes and national parks, which are scattered. Answer: It is these modern communication systems along with transportation that has made the concept of global village a reality. They involves the highest level of decision making in society or economy. In most of the advanced countries, the quaternary activities engage a small but growing proportion of population. A distinct feature of this kind of retail establishment is the organizing of separate departments, under same roof to facilitate buying, customer service, merchandising and control. What are trading centres? (b) Quaternary activities These are some of the economic activity examples undertaken by individuals employed under different sectors of a country’s economy. Tertiary activities includes both production and exchange. The warmer places around the Mediterranean Coast and the West Coast of India are some of the popular tourist destinations in the world. (a) Primary The output is the shirt you wear. The three types of activities are: Question 18. Features of Quinary Activities: Quinary activities are the services that focus on the creation, re-arrangement and interpretation of new and existing ideas, data and technologies. These have rendered the unit cost and time of communication invariant in terms of distance. (iv) Wholesalers also give credit to retail stores. In some regions, tourism is seasonal because the vacation period is dependent on favorable weather conditions, but many regions attract visitors all the year round. The work also find out the total working populations engaged in cultivators, agriculture, household industries and allied activities in urban centers of the region. Question 2. Radio and television also help to relay news, pictures, and telephone calls to vast audiences around the world and hence they are termed as mass media. (a) Iron Smelting Information technology is the synthesis of computer and telecommunication, Transmission of stored and processed information. Some are geared to industry, some to people; and some to both industry and people, e.g. What do you mean by isochrone lines? They are formed of nodes and links. Answer: Some of the developed countries How to use quinary in a sentence. Factors affecting tourism are: Question 5. (iii) The BPO industry involves relatively less high skilled workers as compared to KPO. Tertiary activities involve the commercial output of services rather than the production of tangible goods. Demand: Since the last century, the demand for holidays has increased rapidly. v. Quinary Sector. The production involves the ‘provision’ of services that are ‘consumed. Answer: Therefore service sector is a major contributor in the modern economic development. Labour: Human resource in the area who can function as labor to run the processes. The quinary sector is the branch of a country's economy where high-level decisions are made by top-level executives in the government, industry, business, education, media and nonprofit organizations. (i) This is the business activity concerned with the bulk selling of goods through merchants and the supply-houses. Chain Stores: These are retail stores owned by a single firm and spread over vast geographical areas across nation or worldwide. (iv) It includes mail, telephonic conversations and face to face conversation. Demand for transport is influenced by the size of population. Answer: Tourism is travel undertaken for purposes of recreation rather than business. It is very difficult to measure the output of tertiary activity though they can be measured indirectly in terms of wages and salaries. Isochrones lines are drawn on map to join places equal in terms of the time taken to reach them. For example, air travel allows one to travel anywhere in the world in a few hours of flying time from their homes. With the digitization of information in the 1990’s, telecommunication slowly merged with computers to form integrated networks termed as Internet. (d) Printing books (v) Examples: research and development (R and D) activities, e-learning, business research, intellectual property (IP), research, legal profession and the banking sector. Answer: Define consumer cooperative, departmental stores & chain stores. Answer: Answer: Quinary definition is - consisting of five : arranged by fives : quintuple. They centre around research, development and may be seen as advanced form of services involving specialized knowledge and technical skill. Answer: When medical treatment is associated with international tourism activities, it lends itself to what is commonly stated as medical tourism. Rising aged population in Japan and North America has led to the increase in employment and development of medical services. Their importance in the structure of advanced economies far outweighs their numbers. These activities are voluntary in nature and are undertaken at the leisure or pleasure of the person pursuing them. (vi) It is used for personal and business purposes. This is one of the main reasons for the importance of tourism in Southern Europe and the Mediterranean lands. So for optimal use of resource and to maximize profit, these companies outsource their work to overseas location (offshoring). Opportunities emerging from the Information and Communication Technology based development is unevenly distributed across the globe. Secondary activities add value to natural resources by transforming raw materials into valuable products. Urban trading centers provide specialized services, along with the ordinary goods and services required by the people. The information technology acts as a boon in the development of quaternary activities in the following ways: Question 3. Answer: The internet has truly revolutionized the global communication system. Technology: To turn the resource into an asset with value. Question 2. (iii) Personal and professional services are developed in rural centres. (b) Secondary It, thus includes, hunting and gathering, pastoral activities, fishing, forestry, agriculture, and mining and quarrying. Answer: Explain retail-trading service. Street peddling, handcarts, trucks, door-to-door, mail-order, telephone, automatic vending machines and internet are examples of non-store retail selling. Tertiary jobs = White collar jobs. 3. (a) Tertiary Activities and Secondary Activities. Analyse the statement by explaining five components of a service sector. Explain the scope of medical services for the overseas patients in India. (CBSE 2005, 06) Quaternary activities are specialized tertairy activities in the âKnowledge Sectorâ which demands a separate classification. Question 6. It brings the trend of outsourcing of medical tests and data interpretation, (iff) India lias been performing certain medical services-ranging from reading radiology images, to interpreting magnetic resonance image (MRIs) and ultrasound tests. There is an increase in international trade of services. Tertiary activities This includes agriculture, forestry, mining and fishing. It makes more places suitable for setting up industries and hence helps, in increasing job opportunities. For example, in Africa livestock farming is much more important than i… Give any two examples of ‘quaternary activities’. In order to understand the similarities between the two, let us first look at their features: Answer: Health care and social assistance such as offices of physicians, outpatient care centers, and medical and diagnostic laboratories. Outsourcing holds tremendous advantage for patient and it is focused on improving quality. Advanced services like finance, insurance, information gathering, management of information services, research and development now form the core of all economic activities. (i) It stands for Knowledge Processing Outsourcing. It is concerned with intangible output and includes a large diversity of services. It includes small shops, consumer cooperatives, chain stores, departmental stores. Quick and well developed means of transport have enabled industries to be located in any comer of the country. Quinary activities are services that focus on the creation, rearrangement and interpretation of new and existing ideas; data interpretation and the use and evaluation of new technologies. Question 3. Specialized service of lawyers, doctors, veterinary services, consultants of different professions are also available. (iv) It also links rural areas with urban areas and helps in ushering development even in rural and backward areas. Besides, many local persons, are employed to provide services like accommodation, meals, transport, entertainment and special shops serving the tourists. This economic shift is important to understand from a sociological standpoint because it impacts the proportion of the pop… There are wide ranging economic, political and social differences among countries. They involves the highest … History and Art: The history and art of an area have potential attractiveness. Students learn better when they are presented with problems that interest them and when they are provided the support and encouragement to … (iii) Answer: (d) Service, Question 1. Quinary workers are also refered as Gold collar professions. Question 6. Question 7. Define the term “Information Technology’. Answer: Quaternary activities involve the collection, production and dissemination of … Answer: The output is indirectly measured in terms of wages and salaries. What are periodic markets? In selecting the mode of transport, distance, in terms of time or cost, is the determining factor. Most of the retail trading take place in fixed establishments or stores solely devoted to selling. People taking winter holidays have specific climatic requirements, either higher temperatures than their own homelands, or snow cover suitable for skiing. Write a note on the Quinary activities & their importance in today’s world. Housekeepers, cooks, gardeners, etc. It is advantageous to patients as it provides better quality and specialized care. The activities are characterized by the highest income. Answer the following questions in about 30 words: Question 2. People engaged in secondary activities are called blue collar workers. Some examples of services from quaternary sector involves: mutual fund managers, tax consultants, software developers, teachers, hospital and doctor offices, accountants, etc. The digitization of information technology has merged with telecommunication to form integrated network through internet. Wholesale trading constitutes bulk business through numerous intermediary merchants and supply houses and not through retail stores. Trading centers are the towns and cities where buying and selling of items take place, which were produced elsewhere. require professional skills. are linked together to form a network. Define Medical Tourism. Write a note on Telecommunication services and its importance. (ii) Wholesalers act as intermediaries between retail stores and manufacturers. The advent of package holidays has reduced the costs. Answer: Answer: Question 15. (d) Hunting Which is the world’s single largest tertiary activity? Historic towns also attract tourists, because of the monument, heritage sites and cultural activities. How tourism has become the single largest tertiary activity? India, Thailand, Singapore, Malaysia are the fastest emerging countries of medical tourism in the world. Which one of the following activities is related to quaternary sector? Which one of the following statements is not true? (c) BPOs have better business opportunities as compared to KPOs. Street peddling, handcarts, trucks, door-to-door, mail-order, telephone, automatic vending machines and internet are examples of non-store retail trading. What are the components of tertiary activity? Communication services involve the transmission of words and messages, facts and ideas. (ii) Why do some countries outsource their work? “Outsourcing has resulted in opening up a large number of job opportunities in several countries”. The present paper aims to find out the regional disparities in work forces engaged in different economic activities. With examples show the importance of tourism in the world today. An industrial system consists of inputs, processes, and outputs. Primary activities are directly dependent on the environment as these refer to utilisation of earth’s resources such as… Trade is essentially buying and selling of items produced elsewhere. 3. Transport activities are essential to carry out trade services. The notion that different major economic sectors and activities may be of varying importance for overall economic activity and well-being goes back to preceding millenia. India, Thailand, Singapore and Malaysia are the fast emerging countries of medical tourism in the world. For example, in a large country like India or Russia, it is inevitable that certain areas like metropolitan centers posses^ better connectivity an access to the digital world versus peripheral rural areas. What is its outcome? They provide manufactured goods and as well as many specialized markets offer like labour, housing, etc. Jobs that involve high degrees and level of innovations are known as: Answer: What is the meaning of quaternary activities? Answer: 4. Question 4. Answer: Examples of rural marketing centres involve mandis, periodic markets, which may be weekly, biweekly, monthly, annually. Digital divide is the difference in opportunities available to people at different places arising because of differential availability of information and communication infrastructure. Question 11. They involve the collection, production and dissemination of information. Question 14. Climate: Most people from colder regions expect to have warm, sunny weather for beach holidays. Satellite communication relays information of the earth and from space. NCERT Solutions for Class 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11 and 12. (v) (CBSE 2018) The service sector is gaining importance all round the world. Teacher, lawyers, physicians, musicians and others perform mental labour. Therefore, all lines of transport are also called lines of communication. What is the typical characteristic of urban marketing centre? This involves work that conceives, creates, interprets, organizes, directs and transmits with the help and support of scientific and technical knowledge. The more students are actively engaged with their own learning, the more they learn. (b) Trading economic activity associated with the provision fo services (transportation, banking, retailing, education, routine, office-based jobs) quaternary economic activity service sector industires concerned with the collection, processing, and manipuation of information and capital (finance, administration, insurance, legal services) This Economic Activity belongs to highly skilled Researchers, Scientists, … In developing countries it is usually quite a large sector. More significant in recent years has been the expansion in air transport. Economic activities are broadly grouped into primary, secondary, tertiary activities. People visit ancient or picturesque towns and archaeological sites, and enjoy exploring castles, palaces and churches. Often referred to as âgold collarâ professions, they represent another subdivision of the tertiary sector representing special and highly paid skills of senior business executives, government officials, research scientists, financial and legal consultants, etc. Question 3. It has become the world’s single largest tertiaiy activity in total registered jobs (250 million) and total revenue (40 per cent of the total GDP). Transportation is also essential for defence purpose. Advanced medical sciences, have increased the life span of humans. Question 1. (ii) They involve the production of tangible goods. (ii) Secondary activities What are trading centers? (d) Service Answer: The employment in this sector is increasing steadily. Which one of the following activities is NOT a secondary sector activity? Low-order services, such as grocery, shops and laundries, are more common and widespread than high-order services or more specialized ones like those of accountants, consultants and physicians. Besides, if a region provides for the needs of tourists at a cheap cost, it is likely to become very popular. Answer: Question 2. (i) It stands for Business Processing Outsourcing. Services occur at many different levels. activities concerned with information and the exchange of money or goods. The production involves the âprovisionâ of services that are âconsumed. Question 3. Analyse the statement with three suitable examples. What is digital divide? Retail trading is the business activity concerned with the sale of goods directly to the consumers. Personnel working in office buildings, elementary schools and university classrooms, hospitals and doctorsâ offices, theatres, accounting and brokerage firms all belong to this category of services. examples include lawyers, doctors, teachers, nurses, salespeople. 2. (iv) They provide services beyond cities at national or international levels, (i) Rural marketing centres provide facility to the nearby settlements. Quinary activities are services that focus on the creation, re-arrangement and interpretation of new and existing ideas; data interpretation and the use and evaluation of new technologies. In developing country like India, the service sector is growing faster than the manufacturing sector. Why does it vary inter-country and intra country? Differentiate the following: Question 2. Question 1. Question 9. Discuss the significance and growth of the service sector in modern economic development. Answer:. (b) Catching Fish These services require theoretically knowledge and practical training. What are the factors of tourist attractions? These services require other theoretical knowledge and practical training. Transport is a service or facility by which persons, manufactured goods, and property are physically carried from one location to another. Advertising, recruitment and personnel training enhance the productivity and efficiency of the other activities and help them to maintain their significance role. Question 11. Question 10. State any three advantage in the modem world. (i) The time reduced is from weeks to minutes. quaternary economic activities. The processes include ginning, spinning, weaving, dyeing, and printing. Retail trading also takes place through specialized stores like cooperative stores, departmental stores and chain stores. Urban marketing centres have widely specialised urban services providing ordinary goods and services to specialized goods as per the demand. 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