The various forms of terrestrial and marine protected areas and their legal frameworks are outlined, along with their establishment, planning, management and enforcement regimes. Similar responsibilities apply to non-federal entities. Ensuring a sustainable future for all. In line with EU legislation suitable management measures must be implemented at each site to conserve the protected features. These areas, generally 5,000 acres or larger, are wild lands largely in their natural state. This page contains some of the legislation in place that provides the authority for various federal agencies and government entities to establish, manage, monitor and/or evaluate marine protected areas at the federal level. Federal agencies must avoid jeopardy to and aid the recovery of listed species. Magnuson-Stevens Fishery Conservation and Management Act (1976; amended 2006): Calls for assessment and consideration of ecological, economic, and social impacts of fishing regulations on fishery participants and fishing communities in marine fishery management plans. 1 - Short Title. The primary authority for implementing the act belongs to the U.S. The Act prohibits the "take" of marine mammals, which is defined as "to harass, hunt, capture or kill, or attempt to harass, hunt, capture or kill any marine mammal." The E-Nipas law increases the number of protected areas from 13 to 107 that cannot be disestablished without act of Congress. Historical and prehistory . @DFO_NL (Newfoundland and Labrador) National Marine Sanctuaries Act (1972): Authorizes the Secretary of Commerce to designate and manage areas of the marine environment with special national significance due to their conservation, recreational, ecological, historical, scientific, cultural, archeological, educational, or esthetic qualities as National Marine Sanctuaries. Marine Mammal Protection Act (1972): Established to protect and manage marine mammals and their products (e.g., the use of hides and meat). Locations, descriptions, and regulations of Canadas Oceans Act MPAs. Marine protected areas 227 as ecologically sensitive areas under the Environment Protection Act, 1986 banning their exploitation, followed by a Coastal Regulation Zone (CRZ) Notification 1991 prohibiting development activities and disposal of wastes in the mangroves and coral reefs. Step 1: designate the MPA boundary and ‘freeze the footprin… Marine protected areas and other types of coastal zone management areas have fisheries management policies that must be enforced in addition to the broader Statues, Regulation and Permit Requirements (#91). Marine protected areas also provide living laboratories for oceanographers and marine biologists to conduct research. @DFO_MAR (Maritimes) Standards that ensure better protection of important areas of our oceans. Used to safeguard and preserve federal lands and cultural and historical sites for all Americans to enjoy, 16 presidents have designated 157 national monuments under this authority. Antiquities Act (1906): Authorizes the President to declare by public proclamation historic landmarks, historic and prehistoric structures, and other objects of historic or scientific interest that are situated upon the lands owned or controlled by the Government of the United States to be national monuments, and may reserve as a part thereof parcels of land, the limits of which in all cases shall be confined to the smallest area compatible with proper care and management of the objects to be protected. MCI cites that only 1% of the ocean is strongly protected in no-take marine reserves. primary implementing agency and administrator of the system created under the NIPAS Act—and local governments which sometimes assert jurisdiction over protected areas located within their respective territories. The Marine Life Protection Act (MLPA) relies upon the Marine Managed Area Improvement Act (MMAIA) to define the types of MPAs and uses that are allowed within those MPAs. Areas established under the Oceans Act for the conservation of marine species, habitats, and ecosystems. @FishOceansCAN (Fisheries and Oceans Canada) "to conserve the scenery and the natural and historic objects and the wildlife therein and to provide for the enjoyment for the same in such manner and by such means as will leave them unimpaired for the enjoyment of future generations. Marine Protected Areas Areas established under the Oceans Act for the conservation of marine species, habitats, and ecosystems. Endangered Species Act (1973): A 1973 Federal law, amended in 1978 and 1982, to protect troubled species from extinction. The National Marine Protected Areas (MPA) Center is the nation's hub for building innovative partnerships and tools to protect special ocean places. Some are also protected under the Endangered Species Act and the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora. 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