Human Development Index (HDI) I s a com pi tefl x n y, education, and income indices used to rank countries into four tiers of human development. nature and meaning of place names The United States retains control of the 10-mile wide Canal Zone until the year 2000 when the canal is … jksong123. The low-wage workers in the primarily foreign-owned factories assemble imported components and/or raw materials and then export finished goods. The term given to zones in northern Mexico with factories supplying manufactured goods to the U.S. market. A general term for a model of economic development that treats economic disparities among countries or regions as the result of historically derived power relations within the global economic system. Eligible applicants can be high school seniors, undergraduates, or returning students, and they must reside within the Cherokee Nation. Fordism is a term widely used to describe (1) the system of mass production that was pioneered by the Ford Motor Company or (2) the typical postwar mode of economic growth and its associated political and social order in … Definition; Human Geography: One of the two major divisions of geography; the spatial analysis of human population, its cultures, activities, and landscapes. "����9��L���=A$X�L��E��E���%����2#�|�_@n%GI$�?��� �!4� Based on the idea that certain types of political and economic relations (especially colonialism) between countries and regions of the world have created arrangements that both control and limit the extent to which regions can develop Write. It is important to note that, since commodity dependence is defined as the share of primary commodity export revenues to total export revenues, the trends in commodity dependence are a function of both price (value) and quantity (volume) effects. 1807 0 obj <> endobj the south and southwest regions of the United States. STUDY. Search this site. Dependence on a single agricultural commodity, Ecological simplification in which only one type of plant is cultivated over a large area. h�b```b``�``g``�� ̀ �l@Q�� FE����ַ�g�n7�```�̪a ��Ğ�*���T�4סl�� �m�+�6��������@ �#CTä�'�,Cn$��;����3` �qi�D霢��Y�w�U�/�K�>s��z]hk�-zrv�ےJ�eA˝�6��]+�rʪ��z9^��9/���4zv,�z�-g�5.+�\N^x�9>B�8��ά-@�����MH9�h����>�I�޳�j3>��- k��=-�Y����B��R+J^& ��]. Zero population growth definition, the maintenance of a population at a constant level by limiting the number of live births to that needed to replace the existing population. it includes all goods and services produced by corporations and individuals of a country, whether or not they are located within the country, the total value of all goods and services produced within a country during a given year, The total market value of the goods and services produced within a country and abroad in a year is called the GNI. AP Human Geography Chapter 10 Review – Development Terms/People: 1. commodity chain 2. break-of-bulk point 3. gross national product (GNP) 4. gross domestic product (GDP) 5. gross national income (GNI) 6. per capita GNI 7. formal economy 8. informal economy 9. digital divide 10. �|&���0y L~ ��8���d8�������͈ ,!��H�� R�,R&��������,�̮��! ABSTRACT. developing. What is Commodity Export Dependence? Course Syllabus. Globalization: The expansion of economic, political, and cultural processes to the point that they become global in scale and impact. Giraffey8UrCat. Gravity. World economic system characterized by a more flexible set of production practices in which goods are not mass produced. vectored disease spread by mosquitoes that carry the malaria parasite in their saliva and which kills approximately 150,000 children in the global periphery each month, zones established by many countries in the periphery and semi-periphery where they offer favorable tax, regulatory, and trade arrangements to attract foreign trade and investment. Modernization Model 12. context 13. neo-colonialism Centers or nodes of high-technology research and activity around which a high-technology corridor is sometimes established. Place built up by a government or corporation to attract foreign investment and which has relatively high concentrations of paying jobs and infrastructure. Physical Geography international organizations that operate outside of the formal political arena but that are nevertheless influential in spearheading international initiatives on social, economic and environmental issues. Create. Two dimensions of commodity dependence are considered: the traditional primary commodity export dependence (export share of total merchandise exports) and import dependence (the share of food and oil imports in total merchandise imports). Western and Central Europe; Eastern North America; Russia and Ukrane; and Eastern Asia, each of which consists of one or more core areas of industrial development with subsidiary clusters, A location where transfer is possible from one mode of transportation to another., a location along a transport route where goods must be transferred from one carrier to another. A process involving the clustering or concentrating of people or activities. Welcome to AP Human Geography! Chapter 9 Key Issue 1 of The Cultural Landscape by James M. Rubenstein as presented by Andrew Patterson. A general term for a model of economic development that treats economic disparities among countries or regions as the result of historically derived power relations within the global economic system. Terms in this set (29) commodity chain. Single commodity dependency: economic dependence on a single crop; coffee prices set by global traders, negatively impact farmers income and quality of life, low wage jobs, underdevelopment as a result of profits leaving the country Environmental: Harmful effects of agricultural chemicals, water use issues, soil erosion Theory developed by economist Harold Hotelling that suggests competitors, in trying to maximize sales, will seek to constrain each other's territory as much as possible which will therefore lead them to locate adjacent to one another in the middle of their collective customer base. Start studying ap human geography vocab unit 5. 14 on deglomeration, agglomeration, and evolutionary economic geography. Stage 3 - moderate growth. follows a stream or road How Long Does IT Take to Get a PhD in Business? See more. method of inventory management made possible by efficient transportation and communication systems whereby company's keep on hand just what they need for near term production, planning that what they need for longer term production will arrive when needed, p, phenomenon whereby corporations and others can draw from labor markets around the world, made possible by the compression of time and space through innovation in communication and transportation systems, places where two or more modes of transportation meet (including air, road, rail, barge, and ship), process by which companies move industrial jobs to other regions with cheaper labor, leaving the newly deindustrialized region to switch to a service economy and to work through a period of high unemployment, with reference to production, to turn over in part or in total to a third party. privatization of certain government entities and opening the country to foreign trade and investment). The movement of activity, usually industry, away from agglomerations, perhaps when congestion makes further agglomeration in a region difficult and expensive. �&�C�)Dr��� A highly organized and specialized system for organizing industrial production and labor. Econ. After the examination of commodity … the division of the world into core, periphery and semi-periphery as a means to help explain the inter connections between places in the global economy. AP Human Geography. See Werker and Athreye (2004) J. Evol. dependency theory: a structuralism theory that offers a critique of the modernization model of development.political and economic relations between countries have controlled and limit the extent towhich regions can develop: development: The extent to which a society is making effective use of both human and nature: De–Glomeration First proposed in the late 1950s by Raul Prebisch, dependency theory gained prominence in the 1960s and ’70s. Spell. Model developed by Alfred Weber according to which the location of manufacturing establishments is determined by the minimization of three critical expenses: labor, transportation, and agglomeration. a structuralist theory that offers a critique of … Millennium Development Goals 11. With reference to production, to outsource to a third party located outside of the country. Start studying AP Human Geography Economics Unit. Created by. The process of industrial deconcentration in response to technological advances and/or increasing costs due to congestion and competition. Flashcards. The encroachment of desert conditions on moister zones along the desert margins, where plant cover and soils are threatened by desiccation - through overuse, in part by humans and their domestic animals, and, possibly, in part because of inexorable shifts in the Earth's environmental zones. dependency theory. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. About AP Human Geography. The term often refers to manufacturing plants and businesses that benefit from close proximity because they share skilled-labor pools and technological and financial amenities. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Test. PLAY. A structuralist theory that offers a critique of the modernization model of development. In a port, the cargoes of oceangoing ships are unloaded and put on trains, trucks, or perhaps smaller riverboats for inland distribution. endstream endobj startxref specific areas within a country in which tax incentives and less stringent environmental regulations are implemented to attract foreign business and investment. Program that provides small loans to poor people, especially women, to encourage development of small businesses. AP Project. Commodity: A commodity is a basic good used in commerce that is interchangeable with other commodities of the same type; commodities are most often used as … A disease carried from one host to another by an intermediate host. Named after automobile producer Henry Ford, Fordist production features assembly-line production of standardized components for mass consumption. This study discusses the relationship between commodity dependence, growth and human development. Dependency theory. objective for this question, however, Part I (Geography: Its Nature and Perspectives) acknowledges the necessity of learning to “use landscape analysis to examine the human organization of space.” Photography and visualization were specifically utilized in part A to test whether students had mental images of two classic agricultural landscapes. Learn. a logical attempt to explain the locational pattern of economic activities & the manner in which its producing areas are interrelated, costs that change directly with the amount of production, the increase in time and cost that usually comes with increasing distance, the effects of distance on interaction, generally the greater the distance the less interaction. Definition of Commodity Export Dependence: A condition within an international division of labor in which peripheral national economies rely heavily on the export of raw materials with little or no valued added, placing them on unequal terms of exchange with central nations that export high value-added goods. Fordism, a specific stage of economic development in the 20th century. the model maintains that all countries go thru 5 interrelated stages of development, which culminate in an economic state of self-sustained economic growth and high levels of mass consumption, the geographical situation in which something occurs; the combo of what is happening at a variety, entrenchment of the colonial order EX: trade and investment, model of economic development that treats economic disparities among countries or regions, structuralist theory that offers a critique of of the modernization model of development, when a poorer country ties the value of its currency to that of a wealthier country, or when it abandons its currency and adopts the wealthier country's currency as its own, Wallerstein's three-tier structure theory, social change in in the developing world inextricably linked to the economic activities to the developed world. This term has replaced the term GNP, the gni (gross national income) of a country divided by its population, the legal economy that is taxed an monitored by a government and is included in a government's GNP (as opposed to an informal economy), economic activity that is neither taxed nor monitored by a government and is not included that government's GNP, a model of economic development most closely associated with the work of economist Walter Rostow. dependence on a single agricultural commodity: Koppen climate classification system: a system for classifying the world's climates on the basis of temperature and precipitation: climatic regions: areas of the world with similar climatic characteristics: plantation agriculture Dependency Theory A structuralist theory that offers a critique of the modernization model of development. fact: Deserts expand naturally, but “desertification” is a different process where land in arid, semi-dry areas becomes degraded, soil loses its productivity and vegetation thins because of human activities and/or prolonged droughts/floods. Summer Assignment 2015. ... Commodity chain Core-periphery model Cultural convergence Dependency theory Development Dollarization Energy consumption Export processing zones … Commodity Dependence and International Commodity Prices. series of links connecting the many places of production and distribution and resulting in a commodity that is on world market ex. ... series of links connecting the many places of production and distribution and resulting in a commodity that is then exchanged on the world market. Match. ... dependency … Just-in-time delivery. Search. 0 Based on the idea that certain types of political and economic relations (especially colonialism) between countries and regions of the world have created arrangements that both control and limit the extent of which regions can develop. We'll never sell or share your email address. Start studying AP Human Geography Agriculture Vocab. ... occurs when a company controls two or more stages in the production or distribution of a commodity either directly or through contracts. %PDF-1.6 %���� Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. %%EOF Commodity dependence definition ap human geography CPT is a type of F-1 work authorization that allows students to work off campus in cases where the employment will fulfill 1) a requirement of the student's degree program, 2) the requirement of a student's UChicago course, or 3) is part of an established co-operative educational agreement between the UChicago department and the employer. Although you will be expected to know and understand locations on a map and other cartographic concepts, this course takes in a myriad of geographical aspects: population, culture, politics, economics, agriculture, language, and religion, just to name a few. Agreement entered into by Canada, Mexico, and the United States in December 1992 and which took effect on January 1, 1994 to eliminate the barriers to trade in, and facilitate the cross-border movement of goods and services between the countries. It is the gross domestic product plus what a country's residents earn abroad and minus what is paid out abroad. Commodity definition, an article of trade or commerce, especially a product as distinguished from a service. A commodity has two primary characteristics: it has a market price and is undifferentiated. Human Geography is a lot more than maps. AP Human Geography Chapter 10 (Development) Vocab With Examples. Dependency theory, an approach to understanding economic underdevelopment that emphasizes the putative constraints imposed by the global political and economic order. A structuralist theory that offers a critique of the modernization model of development. when a family sends a child or an adult to a labor recruiter in hopes that the labor recruiter will send money, and the family member will earn money to send home, Loans granted by international financial institutions such as the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund to countries in the periphery and the semi periphery in exchange for certain economic and governmental reforms in that country(e.g. The term applied to the social and economic changes in agriculture, commerce and manufacturing that resulted from technological innovations and specialization in late-eighteenth-century Europe. Definition:government policy of encouraging local manufacturers to produce goods that would replace imports, Definition:tendency of an economic activity to locate near or at its source of raw material. The Cherokee Nation's Higher Education Office awards scholarships to selected Cherokee Nation Tribal Citizens pursuing degrees at a college or university. Browse. 1968 0 obj <>stream Commodification is the process by which something becomes a commodity. 1877 0 obj <>/Filter/FlateDecode/ID[]/Index[1807 162]/Info 1806 0 R/Length 252/Prev 1437515/Root 1808 0 R/Size 1969/Type/XRef/W[1 3 1]>>stream series of links connecting the many places of production and distribution and resulting in a commodity that is then exchanged on the world market, with respect to a country, making progress in technology, production and socioeconomic welfare, the total value of all goods and services produced by a country's economy in a given year. Scholarships to selected Cherokee Nation 's Higher Education Office awards scholarships to selected Cherokee Nation Citizens... Neo-Colonialism AP human Geography built up by a more flexible set of production and labor a product distinguished. 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