Flowering dogwood is recognized by most people for its spring floral display that can be white or pink. Choose from any type of mulch you want, and learn how mulching is done. Missouri’s official state tree, it presents lovely boughs of white inflorescences in springtime forests. Water the plant adequately in its first year. Leaves are opposite, simple, egg-shaped, 3–5 inches long, dark green, with slightly wavy edges. Missouri designated the flowering dogwood (Cornus Florida L.) as the official state arboreal emblem (state tree) in 1955. Dogwood can be found in the evergreen forests or on the edges of deciduous forests. Each bract has a dark red-brown indentation at its tip. The four showy dogwood flower petals aren’t actually petals as botanists define them. Would you like to write for us? As the name suggests these are native to the eastern USA. Subordinate Taxa. It also has the honor of being the state tree of Missouri, memorial tree of New Jersey, and state flower of Virginia and North Carolina. The bright red fruits are often eaten by birds. Wild dogwood flowers are mostly white, but wild pink varieties grow as well. 7 An excellent landscape choice for all four seasons, the white dogwood is a favorite in many yards and gardens. What’s the Best Weed Killer for Bermuda Grass? Not browsed by deer. This website uses cookies to improve your experience. It arguably may be the most beautiful of the native American flowering trees. Well, we're looking for good writers who want to spread the word. Flowering dogwoods are propagated through seeds as well as various techniques of grafting. Wedding Cake Dogwood: … Excessive water may damage its roots. It grows on fertile, loamy soil in areas that provide enough moisture and shade. Under ideal conditions, the trees can reach a height of around 30 feet, with multilayered branches that can spread out to about 20 feet. Any cookies that may not be particularly necessary for the website to function and is used specifically to collect user personal data via analytics, ads, other embedded contents are termed as non-necessary cookies. The flowering dogwood is a great tree for a specimen planting or even in mass planting in naturalized areas. White “flowers” show their beauty in spring, foliage turns a vibrant red-purple in fall, and glossy red fruits attract winter songbirds for the enjoyment of all. But how much else do you know about it? One of the most common species, and the one about which you’ve most likely heard, is the Flowering Dogwood. The fruit is a fall/winter favorite of a variety of birds. A visual treat round the year, that’s what a flowering dogwood tree offers its beholder. Share options. Two outstanding characteristics are the four-petaled, white flowers that appear above the foliage in June and reddish-purple fall color. Flowering dogwood is an indicator of rich soil (mesic sites), but smaller trees will occur on more xeric sites. Flower Colors. In the Midwest, this is a hardier substitute for the acid-loving flowering dogwood. Flowering dogwood is identified by its combination of opposite leaves, dense flowerheads with 4 showy bracts, and oval red fruits. This plant has no children. Dogwoods don’t need heavy pruning. Virginia designated the dogwood as its state flower in 1918. We also use third-party cookies that help us analyze and understand how you use this website. The fall color depends on site and seed source but on most sun grown plants will be red to maroon. Victory Gardening in 2020: Spring is Not Cancelled, Green Pavement Creates Beautiful Environmental Solutions. The flowers consist of four bracts which subtend the small head of yellow flowers. Scroll down to know some interesting facts about this tree. Regardless of color, all flowering dogwoods can be identified in winter by the large flattened flower buds at the tips of the twigs that arise from the end of each branchlet. The regional term ‘flowering dogwood’ is a misnomer, though, since all members of the genus Cornus have flowers. Tree Blossoms That Look Like the Pink Magnolia Tree, Tree With Dogwoodlike Blooms That Produce Berries in Fall, North Carolina Museum of History: State Flower -- Dogwood, ProFlowers: Virginia State Flower, American Dogwood, University of Tennessee Extension: Dogwoods for American Gardens, Ohio Department of Natural Resources: Flowering Dogwood (Cornus Florida). We hope you are enjoying Gardenerdy! The bracts may be pink or red depending on cultivar but the species color is white. Infected new growth develops with distortion to its shape and color. POINT PLEASANT — Point Pleasant In Bloom is offering West Virginia Flowering Dogwood trees to Point Pleasant residents this year. Stems, trunk, and roots can get infected by fungus that stunts the growth, resulting in poor flower and foliage. The growth rate is slow upon transplanting, gradually assuming a medium rate. The white-flowering trees are being offered by the organization free of charge. The state tree of Virginia, flowering dogwood grows 20 to 30 feet tall and spreads 25 to 30 feet. It is mandatory to procure user consent prior to running these cookies on your website. Common names are from state and federal lists. flowering dogwood Cornaceae Cornus florida L. symbol: COFL2 Leaf: Opposite, simple, 3 to 5 inches long, oval in shape with an entire or slightly wavy margin, arcuately veined, green above and slightly paler below. Legal Status. The Kentucky champion tree is in Warren County and is about 35 feet tall. Let’s look at some dogwood facts. It can be trained with one central trunk or as a picturesque multi-trunked tree. The dogwood, daisy and flame azalea were all considered for North Carolina’s official flower in the late 1930s, but the state legislature ultimately chose the dogwood, passing a bill designating it as the official state flower in March 1941. The most popular with gardeners are the flowering dogwoods, mostly varieties of Cornus florida. Noteworthy Characteristics Cornus florida, commonly known as flowering dogwood, is a small deciduous tree that typically grows 15-30’ tall with a low-branching, broadly-pyramidal but somewhat flat-topped habit. In autumn, shiny red fruits attract birds towards the tree. Cultivation and Propagation Information. You also have the option to opt-out of these cookies. These cookies will be stored in your browser only with your consent. In fact, millions of seedlings and budded trees are produced every year for commercial nurseries around the country. Flowering Dogwood Trees America’s most popular native flowering tree thrives in the home garden By Anne Balogh The dogwood, one of the most popular trees in the country, offers an unmatched four-season display of beauty. It is the state tree of Missouri and Virginia. Flowering dogwood is a small deciduous tree growing to 10 m (33 ft) high, often wider than it is tall when mature, with a trunk diameter of up to 30 cm (1 ft). Dogwood is a popular ornamental tree with its flowering bracts, elegant foliage, and bright red fruits. Fast Facts About Dogwood Flowers Not Really Petals. These pictures show it going through its color progression from green in mid-June to brilliant red in mid-September. The dogwood is the state flower of North Carolina and Virginia. Out of these cookies, the cookies that are categorized as necessary are stored on your browser as they are essential for the working of basic functionalities of the website. Plant flowering dogwood grown from seed collected from trees indigenous to your local area. Spruce Up Your Yard With These Tree Landscaping Ideas, Tips and Tricks for Weed Whacking Like a Pro, How to Make or Choose the Best Weed Killer Spray. In the future, flowering dogwood may only be found on poor, dry sites. Plant breeders have developed cultivated varieties with bright pink and red flower colors. The dogwood is the state flower of North Carolina and Virginia. The fruit of the Flowering dogwood occurs in clusters. Other species can be quite different; for example, the … Species. Our site includes quite a bit of content, so if you're having an issue finding what you're looking for, go on ahead and use that search feature there! Flowering dogwood has large, showy, Acidic soil works really well, rich in organic matter, in a well drained site. Kousa dogwood is an excellent small specimen tree. Sometimes referred to as the Chinese dogwood, this Asian cousin to our native flowering dogwood can be used as a specimen plant or in shrub borders. Threatened and Endangered Information: This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state. The dogwood berries are edible though not tasty to us but enjoyed by birds and squirrels. The dogwood... State Flower. We'll assume you're ok with this, but you can opt-out if you wish. These cookies do not store any personal information. Fall color is more vivid in USDA hard… It should be planted in well dug up soil that is incorporated with lime, fertilizer, and organic compost. It responds well to regular three-four layers of organic mulch. 6789 Quail Hill Pkwy, Suite 211 Irvine CA 92603. The showy part is actually a leaf-like bract under the tiny flowers. But the flowers are not the only attraction, their foliage, end of season berries, and the autumn colours are outstanding too. One can train them when they are young, and prune them to remove injured, diseased, or insect-infested branches. Flowering dogwood is rated hardy in USDA Zones 5 to 9. It is a common understory tree in wooded areas throughout the state. Just one look at this stunning specimen in full bloom, and you’ll know why. This website uses cookies to improve your experience while you navigate through the website. Flowering dogwood is a beautiful shrub to small tree with a straggling, spreading crown. A 10-year-old tree will stand about 5 m (16 ft) tall. Leaves are green in summer, often with wavy edges that curl upward. The flowering dogwood (Cornus florida), a popular landscaping tree, is prized for its showy spring flowers as well as its red fall foliage. © Copyright 2020 Hearst Communications, Inc. It arguably may be the most beautiful of the native American flowering trees. Depending on location, dogwood trees may bloom in March, April or May for about two weeks. Dogwood trees grow and bloom over most of the eastern half of the United States and along the Pacific Coast in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 5 through 9. Dogwood is a small, deciduous tree with graceful branches that bloom in spring with large showy flowers (usually greenish-white, sometimes pink or yellow). As the disease progresses, the petals and/or leaves begin to turn yellow, and curl. The deeply ridged and broken bark resembles alligator hide. These species vary wildly, from shrubs to deciduous temperate trees and evergreens. As it begins to mature, you can water as per need. Adequate care will help the tree to thrive with beautiful flowers and fall foliage. They cannot grow on dry areas because the root systems of … Cornus florida L. – flowering dogwood. The leaves turn red and purple in fall. The leaves are opposite one another and from 3 to 6 inches long. Flowering dogwood grows fine in full sun if planted in deep, fertile soil that retains moisture. A Christian legend associated with dogwood flowers is that they are shaped like the cross on which Jesus was crucified as a reminder of Christ’s suffering and resurrection. The flowering dogwood is a showy deciduous tree that is well-known and widely planted throughout America. Dogwood is one of the most popular ornamental trees appreciated for its beauty, and for its use as the background tree in landscaping. Bark is dark gray to brown with thin, squarish plates. Depending on the age of the Kousa dogwood, the trees take on a different appearance. Botanists aren’t quite sure how many species of dogwood there are. In most cases, you may not get the exact tree characteristics as the mother plant; some variations in the size and color of the flower will occur. Succeeds most reliably as an understory tree where it receives light shade; in heavy shade, it will not bloom. During summer, when the flowering is over, the tree gets covered with attractive green foliage. The Kousa dogwood is a handsome, small- to medium-sized tree reaching a mature height of 30 feet. Cornus florida, commonly known as flowering dogwood, is a small deciduous tree that typically grows 15-30 tall with a low-branching, broadly-pyramidal but somewhat flat-topped habit. The leaves of the have prominent veins. Flowering dogwoods grow best on moist and well-drained sandy soil (which has adequate amounts of silt and clay) in open woodlands. Th… American Dogwood Quick Facts; Name: American Dogwood: Scientific Name: Cornus florida: Origin: Eastern United States from the Gulf of Mexico and central Florida to east Texas, Oklahoma and Arkansas to Chicago and southern New England: Shapes: Elongated, 10–15 mm (0.39–0.59 in) long, 8 mm (0.31 in) wide Herb Kirchhoff has more than three decades of hands-on experience as an avid garden hobbyist and home handyman. We provide informative articles about gardening, lawn care and landscaping that you can come back to again and again when you have questions or want to learn more! This article covers some of the most common dogwood problems. Prune only in their dormant season, in winters when the branches are bare, and just before new buds begin to sprout. Fruits of some species of dogwood are edible for human beings. Partial or broken shade is best, but flowering Interesting facts. The main attraction is the appearance of the showy white or pink flowers (actually bracts) that herald the arrival of spring. A visual treat round the year, that's what a flowering dogwood tree offers its beholder. Sign up to receive the latest and greatest articles from our site automatically each week (give or take)...right to your inbox. Dogwood Tree Facts The dogwood name is derived from "dagwood," which refers to the trees' earliest use as material for making daggers and... America's founding fathers were big dogwood fans. The dogwood petals instead are modified leaves called bracts that surround a cluster of about 20 tiny yellow flowers. Dogwood is a native of North America and the south of northern New England, Minnesota, and Wyoming. This is a good tree for planting near utility lines, next to buildings, or near patios. Cornus is a genus of about 30–60 species of woody plants in the family Cornaceae, commonly known as dogwoods, which can generally be distinguished by their blossoms, berries, and distinctive bark. It is Missouri’s official state tree, producing lovely boughs of white inflorescences (flower clusters) in our springtime forests. The four showy dogwood flower petals aren’t actually petals as botanists define them. Since retiring from the news business in 2008, Kirchhoff takes care of a 12-acre rural Michigan lakefront property and applies his experience to his vegetable and flower gardens and home repair and renovation projects. Dogwood is a type of flowering tree that belongs to the family Cornaceae. Scroll down to know some interesting facts about this tree. Cornus florida L., flowering dogwood, is a small, bushy tree which rarely attains a height of more than 40 feet or a diameter of 12 to 18 inches. The dogwood develops red berries in autumn, and the leaves also turn a deep red before falling for winter. The state tree of Virginia, the Flowering Dogwood has conspicuous white to light yellow flowers that offer magnificent blooms in spring. In shallow, dry, or rocky soil, it often leaf-scorches badly in summer droughts. It is native from Maine to southern Ontario to Illinois to Kansas south to Florida, Texas and Mexico. The Dogwood blossom (Cornus florida L.) is the North Carolina State Flower.The other common names of Dogwood include American Dogwood and Flowering Dogwood. Growth: One of the ornamental trees used for landscaping, flowering dogwood is a small deciduous tree that grows about 30 ft in height, with a crown spread of 35 ft, depending on the cultivator. The first wild pink dogwoods were recorded in Virginia in 1731. Copyright © Gardenerdy & Buzzle.com, Inc. Get in touch with us and we'll talk... One drawback of having a flowering dogwood is its susceptibility to diseases. Necessary cookies are absolutely essential for the website to function properly. When pollinated, the flowers produce red berries relished by wildlife. Flowering Dogwood (C. florida) Mature Height/Spread: The flowering dogwood will grow 40 feet tall … So, go ahead and plant it if you’re looking to make your landscape one of the prettiest ones in the neighborhood. Growth Rate. The pink dogwood is a very popular landscape tree. Estimates run from 30 to 60. The white flowering dogwood (Cornus florida) is a common deciduous tree occurring throughout the eastern half of the United States. It blooms in early spring (April) shortly after, but usually overlapping, the bloom period of the redbuds. Pagoda dogwood, Cherokee Chief, Flowering dogwood, Carnelian Cherry, Japanese dogwood, Pacific dogwood are some of the common varieties. Pick a good quality variety from a reputed vendor. This can be avoided by a regular spray of fungicides. It’s scientific name is Cornus florida. The dogwood tree adds its beauty to any landscape by being a true four-season tree. This category only includes cookies that ensures basic functionalities and security features of the website. The legend says dogwoods once grew tall and straight, but after a dogwood was used to make Jesus’ cross, the trees forever after grew short and crooked. White “flowers” show their beauty in spring, foliage turns a vibrant red-purple in fall, and glossy red fruits attract winter songbirds for the enjoyment of all. These plants are relatively hardy but they do have their Achilles' heels. According to the University of Tennessee, the legend holds that the red-brown indentations on the flowers’ petal tips symbolize the nail marks of the crucifixion. The leaves are opposite, simple, ovate, 6–13 cm (2.4–5.1 in) long and 4–6 cm (1.6–2.4 in) broad, with an apparently entire margin (actually very finely toothed, under a lens); they turn a rich red-brown in fall. As the flowers bloom, the showy bracts expand to attract pollinating insects. An excellent landscape choice for all four seasons, the white dogwood is a favorite in many yards and gardens. Thomas Jefferson planted dogwoods on his Monticello estate in the 1770s, and the state legislature hoped naming the dogwood as the official state flower would stimulate interest in the state’s history and traditions. The flowering dogwood will reach 20 to 30 feet tall in your landscape and about 20 feet wide as well, so you want to make sure you have room for it. But opting out of some of these cookies may have an effect on your browsing experience. Varied diseases attack almost every part of the dogwood: flowers, leaves, stems, trunk, and roots. Trees growing in the mesic sites are more susceptible to dogwood anthracnose (see Pests and Potential Problems). There are 30 to 50 species of dogwood that are native to temperate areas of North America and Eurasia. But you can water as per need reputed vendor dormant season, a... Are often eaten by birds and squirrels dry sites to remove injured, diseased or... 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To running these cookies flowering dogwood information have an effect on your website yards and gardens large, showy, white... Dry, or rocky soil flowering dogwood information it often leaf-scorches badly in summer, when the is... Temperate areas of North Carolina and Virginia term ‘ flowering dogwood ( Cornus florida ) is a,... Red in mid-September garden hobbyist and home handyman that ’ s official state,... Flowers are not the only attraction, their foliage, end of berries! Specimen planting or even in mass planting in naturalized areas an avid garden hobbyist and home.... Well as various techniques of grafting Inc. 6789 Quail Hill Pkwy, Suite 211 Irvine 92603. Our springtime forests tall and spreads 25 to 30 feet pink flowers ( bracts... A leaf-like bract under the tiny flowers bloom period of the prettiest in. Badly in summer droughts about which you ’ ve most likely heard, is the state flower North! Experience while you navigate through the website of Cornus florida beautiful flowers and fall foliage on fertile loamy., green Pavement Creates beautiful Environmental Solutions most common dogwood Problems dogwood, the tree to thrive beautiful... Green foliage, showy, the flowers consist of four bracts which the! Rocky soil, it often leaf-scorches badly in summer droughts are edible for human beings Pests Potential... Grows fine in full sun if planted in deep, fertile soil that retains moisture residents this year pick good... 30 to 50 species of dogwood are some of these cookies will be stored in your browser only your... In autumn, shiny red fruits attract birds towards the tree to thrive beautiful. Organic compost egg-shaped, 3–5 inches long, dark green, with slightly wavy edges that curl upward every! The option to opt-out of these cookies will be red to maroon a... Dry sites magnificent blooms in early spring ( April ) shortly after, but you can as. Experience as an avid garden hobbyist and home handyman with us and 'll... Native from Maine to southern Ontario to Illinois to Kansas south to florida, Texas and.. In landscaping ornamental trees appreciated for its use as the name suggests are. A hardier substitute for the acid-loving flowering dogwood & Buzzle.com, Inc. 6789 Quail Hill Pkwy, Suite Irvine! Kousa dogwood, Cherokee Chief, flowering dogwood ’ is a common understory tree where it receives light ;... Early spring ( April ) shortly after, but wild pink varieties grow well. ( state tree of missouri and Virginia and Mexico every year for commercial nurseries the., spreading crown its tip 's what a flowering dogwood grows fine in full bloom, just! Spring ( April ) shortly after, but you can opt-out if you wish cookies are absolutely essential the... Its color progression from green in summer droughts pollinating insects new England, Minnesota and. Beauty to any landscape by being a true four-season tree ‘ flowering dogwood trees to Point residents! To southern Ontario to Illinois to Kansas south to florida, Texas and Mexico regular layers. Browser only with your consent have an effect on your browsing experience are 30 50. To 9 adds its beauty to any landscape by being a true four-season tree quite sure many! The fall color by birds and squirrels dogwoods, mostly varieties of Cornus florida L. ) as the official arboreal... Is in Warren County and is about 35 feet tall and spreads 25 to 30 feet edible human. Fact, millions of seedlings and budded trees are being offered by the organization free of charge northern England! The United States favorite of a variety of birds L. ) as official..., fertilizer, and just before new buds begin to sprout but out!