CONTRACTING OPPORTUNITY: Puget Sound Area On-Call Eelgrass and Macroalgae Survey Services Description: Perform preliminary and advanced eelgrass and macro algae surveys in accordance with the US Army Corps of Engineers Components of a Complete Eelgrass Delineation Report (date 1/9/2018) and WA Department of Fish and Wildlife’s Eelgrass/Macroalgae Habitat Interim Survey Guidelines (dated … Eelgrass provides a number of important ecosystem functions, including foraging areas and shelter to young fish and invertebrates, food for migratory waterfowl and sea turtles, and spawning surfaces for species such as the Pacific herring. The Puget Sound Vital Signs are measures of ecosystem health and progress toward Puget Sound recovery goals. Eelgrass is used by scientists as one of 25 “Puget Sound Vital Signs” or indicator of ecosystem health, by the Puget Sound Partnership, the agency in charge of recovering Puget Sound. One species of eelgrass, Zostera marina, is native to Washington state… at least, it is currently believed to be one species. In Puget Sound — where eelgrass is considered stable and flourishing — better understanding of oyster farming near eelgrass habitat is also on the minds of shellfish growers. Shellfish, such as crabs and bivalves, use eelgrass beds for habitat and nursery areas. In the northern Puget Sound, eelgrass beds are extensive in Skagit, Padilla, and Samish Bays, while Port Susan, Bellingham and Lummi Bays support tidal marshes with less eelgrass. Eelgrass is responsible for much of the primary production of organic carbon (the source of energy for many other organisms) both within Puget Sound and in adjacent marine waters. Eelgrass (Zostera marina) is an underwater grass that thrives in marine and estuarine water bottoms and spreads through rhizomes, or roots.It has been estimated by the Washington Department of Natural Resources (DNR) that Puget Sound is occupied by approximately 26,000 acres (105 km²) of eelgrass. “Kelp and eelgrass are the bottom of the food chain. Fish such as juvenile salmonids, use eelgrass beds as migratory corridors as they pass through Puget Sound; the beds provide both protection from predators and abundant food. Eelgrass is a critical component of the Puget Sound ecosystem, creating habitat for juvenile salmon, Dungeness crabs and numerous other species as well as stabilizing the seafloor, filtering near shore waters and contributing to the food web. Japanese eelgrass Zostera japonica MaCro aLGae (3 SpeCIeS) On the outer coast, at the tip of the Olympic Peninsula, Makah technicians caught 1,000 green crabs in … That finding is surprising to scientists who study eelgrass, which sprouts in the brackish waters close to shore and provides shelter and breeding habitat for fish and invertebrates. On the Pacific coast this seagra s extends from Number of increasing, decreasing, or stable eelgrass beds. The "upper intertidal zone" in all of these areas has been largely lost due to diking and draining activities, primarily to convert these areas to agricultural fields. No green crabs have ever been observed in Puget Sound south of Whidbey Island. Jay Inslee’s Results Washington initiative to track eelgrass … The Puget Sound Great Blue Heron 2020 Status Update is a volunteer effort to update existing Great Blue Heron (Ardea herodias) colony locations and nesting numbers in order to determine the current status of the breeding population and breeding distribution within the Puget Sound region.. If you take that away, you dramatically shift the landscape, and it’s … Seagrass responds to changes in water quality, and can be used as indicator of eutrophication. SE, Portland, Oregon 97202. Eelgrass Delineation Training: Thursday, June 28, 2018 Eelgrass Delineation Training: Wednesday, June 20, 2018 How to Determine the Ordinary High Water Mark: Wednesday, June 06, 2018 Puget Sound Coastal Processes, Shoreline Modifications, and Beach Restoration: Thursday, May 31, 2018 Eelgrass is also believed to buffer wave energy and tidal currents, reduce sediment resuspension, and retain sediment. Some forage fish species,including Pacific herring, lay their eggs on eelgrass, and many marine birdsfeed extensively in eelgrass beds. 6159 Rosemeadow Lane NE, Salem, Oregon 97317. Eelgrass mitigates the effects of ocean acidification by utilizing the excess CO2 in the marine waters of Puget Sound. Eelgrass beds are an important feature of Puget Sound and are known to influence fish assemblages. Eelgrass in Puget Sound is stable overall, but some local beaches suffering. Eelgrass is widespread in Puget Sound, but does not occur in the extreme reaches of southern Puget Sound and Liberty Bay, and is relatively sparse in Sinclair Inlet, Dyes Inlet, and Bellingham Bay. The change in the number of acres of eelgrass habitat are used as a metric of overall health of native seagrass beds in Puget Sound. David Ayers/USGS. The eelgrass in Puget Sound is sort of like a canary in a coal mine for the underwater world, serving as an indicator of marine health. DNA clues show that eelgrass growing underwater along Washington state shorelines is associated with fewer of the single-celled algae that produce harmful toxins in … University of Washington. Abstract. to which these meadows provide critical rearing habitat for local estuarine fishes, Due to the importance of eelgrass beds as critical habitat for endangered salmon populations, government agencies, community groups, and environmental organizations are interested in conducting eelgrass restoration in local marine habitats. The Puget Sound Kelp Conservation and Recovery Plan (the Kelp Plan) outlines six goals to help protect and restore kelp species. It can affect many species that depend on it, … The total area of eelgrass beds in Puget Sound. Worldwide, eelgrass beds are threatened by human activity, and a similar trend is occurring in Puget Sound. Although eelgrass populations have declined in some parts of Puget Sound, overall numbers for the aquatic plant have remained steady ecosystem-wide, according to an analysis of 41 years of data from the Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife. About 9 percent or over 125 ,000 acre of the bottom of Puget Sound is covered by eelgra . Along many beaches in Puget Sound, eelgrass has disappeared or drastically declined due to factors such as warmer, cloudy water, … As part of a larger site-characterization effort, and to gain a better understanding of the fish assemblages in Bellingham Bay, Washington, four eelgrass beds (Zostera marina) along the shoreline were surveyed. Surfgrass is mostly found on hard substrate and along the exposed rocky coasts of the San Juan Islands and the Strait of Juan de Fuca. In 2014, eelgrass covered some 24,300 hectares of Puget Sound — slightly above the 2016 target set by Gov. 205 Spokane St. Birds and fish, In the Puget Sound region, seagrasses, such as Eelgrass, form complex habitats that support other aquatic organisms by providing attachment substrate, food, refuge from predation, and Eelgrass can form extensive meadows on Puget Sound river deltas. Fish, such as juvenile salmon, use eelgrass beds asmigratory corridors as they pass through Puget Sound. 2. Puget Sound is a critical part of the Pacific Northwest, both culturally and economically. EELGRASS HABITATS ON THE U.S. WEST COAST: STATE OF THE KNOWLEDGE OF EELGRASS ECOSYSTEM SERVICES AND EELGRASS EXTENT Kate Sherman1 and Lisa A. DeBruyckere2 1 Paci 4c States Marine Fisheries Commission. In a region as large and complex as Puget Sound, locating areas to restore eelgrass effectively and efficiently is a challenge. Eelgrass beds also help stabilize nearshoresediments, thereby preventing erosion. Seagrass is an important component of nearshore habitats, and is sensitive to human disturbance. Soundwide eelgrass area is a metric for the overall health of native seagrass beds in greater Puget Sound. eelgrass area and depth range at over 100 sites throughout Puget Sound annually, using a statistical sampling framework. An eelgrass bed near Bainbridge Island, Washington. Puget Sound Restoration Fund (PSRF) works to restore abundant marine resources and our connections to them through a diverse portfolio of in-the-water projects throughout Puget Sound. Puget Sound Marine Invasive Species Volunteer Monitoring Program • 3 GuIdeBooK COMMON NAME SCIENTIFIC NAME pLantS (5 SpeCIeS) Cordgrass Spartina spp. 65 September 2004 Meadows of eelgrass (Zostera marina) provide essential habitat to a wide range of fish and wildlife in the nearshore parts of Puget Sound, WA. Thanks to a strong network of monitoring programs and committed scientists and environmental program managers in the Puget Sound Ecosystem Monitoring Program, the status and trends of indicators and progress toward recovery goals are regularly updated throughout this website. However, plant morphology (and probably … The restoration of eelgrass (Zostera marina L.) as a critical ecosystem component and indicator of environmental health, is a high priority in Washington State’s Puget Sound, where the goal is to increase the current eelgrass coverage by 20 percent (i.e., 4,000 ha) by 2020. Eelgrass (Zostera marina) is found in marine estuaries throughout the Coast Salish Sea (Straight of Georgia, Straight of Juan de Fuca, Puget Sound).These underwater meadows act as buffers that slow swift ocean currents as they approach shore, creating ideal habitat for fish, migratory water fowl, and countless invertebrates. Eelgrass, Zostera marina, which oc­ curs extensively in Puget Sound, i a generally temperate (cool water) ea­ gra which ha a very extensive geo­ graphic range. Long-term trend in soundwide eelgrass area (acres) in greater Puget Sound. Sound-wide eelgrass area. Long on the decline in Puget Sound, eelgrass is recognized by the Puget Sound Partnership and the Governor’s Results Washington program as critical habitat and a significant indicator of Puget Sound health. Eelgrass in Puget Sound—A New Study of Flow, Sediment Transport, and Zostera marina By Jessie Lacy (Eelgrass continued on page 2) Sound Waves Volume FY 2004, Issue No. 2 Creative Resource Strategies, LLC. Two measures are used to demonstrate eelgrass status and trends in Puget Sound: 1. Eelgrass improves water clarity and quality by slowing water movement and allowing particulate matter to settle to the bottom and by sequestering nutrients from the water column. 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