Commonly known as hellebores (/ˈhɛlɪbɔːrz/), the Eurasian[2] genus Helleborus consists of approximately 20 species of herbaceous or evergreen perennial flowering plants in the family Ranunculaceae, within which it gave its name to the tribe of Helleboreae. The gardenworthiness of these hybrids has still to be proven. The larvae will start to eat the inside of the leaves in August, and damage will develop from the late summer to the early spring, with heavy attacks leaving the foliage disfigured by spring. availability: from October. The plants are … Hellebores. It is not recommended to spray flowering hellebores as it may harm the non-aphid pollinating insects. This is especially true when hellebores are eaten in large quantities. H. × ballardiae (H. niger crossed with H. lividus) and H. × ericsmithii (H. niger crossed with H. × sternii) similarly commemorate the noted British nursery owners Helen Ballard and Eric Smith. Helleborus x glandforensis is a recent name assigned to crosses of Helleborus x ericsmithii (niger x sternii) x Helleborus x hybridus. Other species names (now considered invalid) may be encountered in older literature, including H. hyemalis, H. polychromus, H. ranunculinus, H. trifolius. The disease is most common not only in botanical and ornamental gardens, but also in hellebore nurseries as well. 84 46 46. Helleborus x hybridus 'Double Ellen White Spotted' is a beautiful double-flowered Hellebore with pendant or outward-facing, cup-shaped, white, frilled flowers adorned with rose-pink flecks. They are excellent for bringing early colour to shady herbaceous borders and areas between deciduous shrubs and under trees. Veratrum viride, or false hellebore isn’t a member of the hellebore … Slovenia, Hungary, Croatia, Romania, Austria, Lenten rose, Lenten hellebore, oriental hellebore, N Turkey, Bulgaria, Ukraine, Georgia, Caucasus, occasionally used for ssp. Young plants. The caulescent species include Helleborus argutifolius, Helleborus foetidus, and Helleborus lividus. In recent years, Ashwood Nurseries[15] (of Kingswinford in the English Midlands), already well known for its Ashwood Garden Hybrids[16] (H. × hybridus singles, semi-doubles, doubles and anemone-centres), has created hybrids between H. niger and H. thibetanus (called H. 'Pink Ice'), and between H. niger and H. vesicarius (called H. 'Briar Rose'). Twenty two species are recognised and divided into six sections. 38 16 26. [34] Although Helleborus niger (black hellebore) contains protoanemonin,[37] or ranunculin,[38] which has an acrid taste and can cause burning of the eyes, mouth, and throat, oral ulceration, gastroenteritis, and hematemesis,[39] research in the 1970s showed that the roots of H. niger do not contain the cardiotoxic compounds helleborin, hellebrin, and helleborein that are responsible for the lethal reputation of "black hellebore". Flashback sequences or story entries will be … Semi-double flowers have one or two extra rows of petals; doubles have more. Many viruses are not transmitted through seeds, so it is possible to raise new disease resistant plants this way. Helleborus x hybridus can be grown in full shade but will grow the fastest and have the most flowers in part shade to part sun. Helleborus Breeders The hybrisation of Helleborus at Ashwood Nurseries. [24], Aphid infestations can be controlled through persistent squashing of the aphids manually, or by using insecticides. Stock photography images of Helleborus perennial plants and their flowers, shade garden blooming perennials, including species and hybrids. Hellebore flowers. Piccadilly has whitish green blossoms and dark green leaves tinged with reddish purple. Insecticides can be used with limited effectiveness in controlling larvae and fly populations in the plant. and cvs., Zones 4–9) are a varied group of shade-loving perennials admired by the Northern Californian gardener for their mounding growth habit, attractive foliage, and … Hybridising (deliberate and accidental) between H. orientalis and several other closely related species and subspecies has vastly improved the colour-range of the flowers, which now extends from slate grey, near-black, deep purple and plum, through rich red and pinks to yellow, white and green. False Hellebore. The best advice for anyone who is intending to grow Hellebores from seed is to get them into the ground as soon as possible after they are ripe, which is usually some time between late spring and early summer. [25], Coniothyrium hellebori is a fungus that causes the most common fungal disease for helleborus species known as Hellebore black spot or leaf spot. [31][32] When collecting seeds from hellebore plants it is recommended to wait for the pods to dry and shake them out into a container or onto the ground to collect. A situation with morning sun is ideal. The symptoms were different from other leaf-spotting hellebore diseases, such as those caused by the fungus Coniothyrium and the bacteria Xanthomonas[30] The case in New Zealand is the only reported case of P. viridiflava infecting hellebores so far, but in other plants P. viridiflava has been reported to also induce symptoms such as leaf rot, leaf blotch, stem necrosis and blossom blight. Shop for Hellebores is in February and March because the selection is largest and the plants are in flower so you can see what the color will be. The fungus causes a decay of plant tissues and will grow fuzzy gray-brown mold over the decaying areas, such as the buds, leaves, and flowers. Love BugCompact (10-12”); rose buds; creamy pink flowers aging … The fungus will form black seed like structures in the dead plant tissue to create its spores to help it survive when new host plants are scarce. Helleborus viridis is a dainty hellebore with green, chalice-like … Christmas Rose. [11][12][13] The cladogram shows the relationship between the different species determined with microbiological methods by Meiners et al. Hybrid hellebores, Helleborus x hybridus (the Royal Horticultural Society approved name, previously called Lenten rose or Orientalis hybrids), are the most commonly available hellebores with the large, … Hellebore first appeared in Team Titans #4 (December 1992): "Judge and Jury". Be sure to check out my list of other cold hardy perennial plants here. Flowers of hellebores are a welcome sight when they bloom in late winter to early spring, sometimes while the ground is still covered with snow. The next step is to reduce the humidity around the plant by improving the ventilation and ensuring the plants are not overcrowded. [23][24], Aphids will start their feeding from the outside the flowers, beginning at the leaves and then moving towards the flower petals of the hellebore. They are generally easy to maintain and share the same planting conditions as the standard hellebore. [35] Although the latter plant is highly toxic, containing veratrine and the teratogens cyclopamine (which can cause the fatal birth defect of cyclopia) and jervine, it is believed to be the "hellebore" used by Hippocrates as a purgative. Helleborus niger offers pristine, pure white flowers from late winter to early spring on purple-spotted 1-foot-tall stems. (Try according the natural distribution), "Nursery owner extols many virtues of hellebores", "RHS Plant Selector Helleborus argutifolius AGM / RHS Gardening", "RHS Plant Selector Helleborus foetidus AGM / RHS Gardening", "RHS Plant Selector Helleborus lividus AGM / RHS Gardening", "RHS Plant Selector Helleborus niger AGM / RHS Gardening", "RHS Plant Selector Helleborus × sternii Blackthorn Group AGM / RHS Gardening", "Vascular Plant Families and Genera - List of Genera in Melanthiaceae", "February 2013 Plant of the Month: Hellebore", "Hellebore make for an enchanting addiction", "Heracles Heracles • Facts and Information on the Greek Hero Heracles", "Post-floral perianth functionality: contribution of persistent sepals to seed development in, A French hellebore enthusiast's non-commercial site, A National Collection of Hellebores, Hazles Cross Farm Nursery (Staffordshire, UK) contains all known species plus hundreds of garden hybrids, Hellebores.org: A comprehensive online resource on the genus, RHS plant pathology report on 'Hellebore Black Death' disease (pdf), https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Hellebore&oldid=994046697, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from April 2017, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Croatia, Slovenia, N Italy, Switzerland, Austria, S Germany. Christmas Rose. The bacterial disease manifested on hellebore plants in the form of black leaf spots, necrosis petal, and stem lesions. Terms and Conditions — The Plant List includes 90 scientific plant names of species rank for the genus Helleborus. The most popular hellebores for garden use are H. orientalis and its colourful hybrids, H. × hybridus (Lenten rose).. As the population grows, the aphids will eventually eat the remaining parts of the plant, such as older leaves, for food. Zones 4-8 Parts of the plant may shrivel and die after exposure to the mold, particularly the flowers. Consuming large quantities of hellebore plants can be fatal. Grey mold can infect a plant at any time of the year and is not seasonally dependent. Available pot sizes: 8 cm, 10.5 cm, 13 cm, 15 cm . [1], The scientific name Helleborus derives from the ancient greek word ἑλλέβορος (helléboros), the name for H. orientalis, constructed from ἑλεῖν (heleîn), meaning "to injure", and βορά (borá), meaning "food".[5][6][7]. Pre-finished. In the northern hemisphere, they flower in early spring, around the period of Lent, and are often known as Lenten hellebores, oriental hellebores, or Lenten roses. [9] Also of value is their shade tolerance. gutatus + abchasicus, N Spain, SW France (France, Germany, Great Britain naturalised). The cladogram shows the relationship between the different species determined with microbiological methods by Meiners et al. Hellebore pruning is relatively easy. 56 22 41. See hellebores stock video clips. The table below shows the species of the genus helleborus, give its common name, the area of distribution, an image if available and the meaning of the scientific name. Below is the definitive list of appearances of Hellebore in chronological order. Its fingered evergreen leaves are leathery in texture. The following hellebore species and cultivars have gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit: More commonly known as the Hellebore leaf miner, Phytomyza hellebori is a small fly that infests only the H. foetidus plants in the Hellebore family. Christmas Rose Flower. [26], The small black fruiting bodies which carry the spores, pycnidia, are formed in the dead cells of the leaf spots. High levels of ranunculin and protoanemonin, especially in the leaves and sap, will also contribute to symptoms after ingestion. Ironically, doing this is actually reversing the evolutionary process in which hellebores' true petals had been modified into nectaries; it is usually these nectaries which become the extra petals in double, semi-double and anemone-centred flowers. 8 3 2. Green Hellebore. and 17 cm. [29], Pseudomonas viridiflava is a bacterium that has been claimed to cause disease in hellebores in New Zealand, among other plants. ⚠ Version 1 of The Plant List has been superseded. ChampionCompact (8-12”); rosy buds, creamy white flowers aging to rose; foliage large, lance-shaped, glossy green. Photo courtesy of the author. Different varieties of the hellebore plant offer a range of flower colors, from white to black. [3] Many species of hellebore have green or greenish-purple flowers and are of limited garden value, although Corsican hellebore (H. argutifolius), a robust plant with pale green, cup-shaped flowers and attractive leathery foliage, is widely grown. All parts of Hellebores … A note about hellebores: There are nearly two dozen species—and of those, many cultivars—and I wish I had more types growing in my garden. 13,441 hellebores stock photos, vectors, and illustrations are available royalty-free. Hellebore Flower Plant. Recent breeding programmes have also created double-flowered and anemone-centred plants. The most effective method against C. hellebori is to remove and destroy the infected leaves immediately to avoid reinfection the following spring. These will later turn into a nesting ground where the flies will lay their larvae in. [38], Helleborus niger is commonly called the Christmas rose, due to an old legend that it sprouted in the snow from the tears of a young girl who had no gift to give the Christ child in Bethlehem. The fungus have an ideal habitat to spread and grow at the final growth site for hellebore plants and if left untreated the spores will remain for many years. This species of aphid only affects hellebores and is most active in March and April when the hellebores are flowering and when few aphid predators are around, though they may infest during any time of the year. [8] The greatest concentration of species occurs in the Balkans. If the humidity is low the mold may be contained to discrete spots on the plant, but the mold has been known to spread rapidly in highly humid conditions. Hybrid hellebores get their common name, Lenten rose, from the rose-like flowers that appear in early spring around the Christian observance of Lent.The “blooms” (which are actually sepals … [10], Twenty two species are recognised and divided into six sections. His madness was cured using hellebore. Petioles and flowers can also be infected, but the disease is primarily seen in the leaves. Is Lenten rose toxic? There are double-flowered hellebores, for instance, unspeakably beautiful, which I might want most. The aphids will then feed on the inner parts of the plant as well as the young stems and shoots. The Plant List includes 90 scientific plant names of species rank for the genus Helleborus. The outer surface of the sepals is often green-tinged, and as the flower ages it usually becomes greener inside and out; individual flowers often remain on the plant for a month or more. Angel GlowLarge (18-24”); pink buds, frosty pink flowers aging to dusky pink; foliage leathery, blue-green. [22], To control heavy infestations, the leaves can be removed and destroyed during the winter months before the adult flies emerge. 38 12 25. List of Helleborus Breeders and Growers Fact Sheets 30 January 2020 Hits: 150. Home Page › Helleborus. corsicus or H. corsicus, hence the name) first made in 1931. These short, extra petals (sometimes known as "petaloids") drop off after the flower has been pollinated, leaving an apparently single flower, whereas doubles and semi-doubles tend to retain their extra petals after pollination. The disease caused discoloration in the form of black leaf spots that were circular and about 1.5–2mm in diameter, black stem lesions, and dry, grey to brown lesions with distinct margins on the flower petals. [32] Symptoms of ingestion will include: burning of the mouth and throat, salivation, vomiting, abdominal cramping, diarrhea, nervous systems and possibly depression. One atypical species (H. thibetanus) comes from western China; another atypical species (H. vesicarius) inhabits a small area on the border between Turkey and Syria. [40], In Greek mythology, Melampus of Pylos used hellebore to save the daughters of the king of Argos from a madness, induced by Dionysus, that caused them to run naked through the city, crying, weeping, and screaming. corsicus (Jardin des Plantes de Paris), Helleborus argutifolius - Innsbruck Botanical Garden, H. niger with fruits and flowers in two different stages, genus of flowering plants belonging to the buttercup family and comprising poisonous species and members popular for horticulture, Distribution maps of 19 species of Helleborus in Europe und Asia (top) and in southeast europe (bottom). The acaulescent species include Helleborus orientalis, Helleborus niger, Helleborus purpurascens, Helleborus viridis, Helleborus atrorubens, and all others. Noble Ruler of Poison Plants, King Hellebore. Currently the only clones in t… The poisonous alkaloids have been known to sometimes bother gardeners with sensitive skin. Helleborus orientalis, the Lenten Rose, is one of the first varieties to bloom and offers the greatest variety of colors. Lenten Roses, Christmas Roses, Winter Roses, Corsican Hellebores, Green Hellebores, Stinking Roses (Helleborus) Prized for their abundant winter or early spring blooms and attractive foliage, Hellebores … The status of the 90 species names for the genus Helleborus recorded in The Plant List, are as follows: The status of the 113 names (including infraspecific names) for the genus Helleborus recorded in The Plant List, are as follows: The confidence with which the status of the 90 species names recorded in The Plant List for the genus Helleborus, are assigned as follows: The source of the species name record found in The Plant List for the genus Helleborus, are as follows: © The Plant List 2010 — These four species have leaves on their flowering stems (in H. vesicarius the stems die back each year; it also has basal leaves). See "Status", "Confidence level", "Source" for definitions. Hellebores are widely grown in USDA Zone 5a to 8b gardens for decorative purposes. The spores are mainly spread by water, wind and wind-blown rain. [42], Double pink hellebore with dark blotching, Double white hellebore with pink spotting, Double pink hellebore with darker pink veining, Double white hellebore hybrid 'Betty Ranicar', Helleborus lividus ssp. One of the earliest blooms spotted in many areas, nodding hellebore flowers are often fragrant and long-lasting. The disease marks the leaves of the hellebores with black streaks, often following the veins of the leaf, and creating ring patterns. Their inner petals are generally very like the outer ones in colour and patterning. The most popular ornamental and commercial crop grown in New Zealand is Helleborus orientalis and its hybrids, of which 90 percent of the H. orientalis in the Tauranga nursery contracted the disease after several days of moderate rainfall. Small or minimal exposure to the toxins should only cause a mild irritation to the skin, and the affliction should only last for a few minutes. How to Prune Hellebores. Helleborus x hybridus "Phillip Ballard": Dark blue, almost black flowers (Zones 6-9) This is typically caused by the ranunculin and protoanemonin found on the outside of the plant, including areas such as the leaves, stem, flower, and sap. The earliest was probably H. × nigercors, a cross between H. niger and H. argutifolius (formerly H. lividus subsp. They are particularly valued by gardeners for their winter and early spring flowering period; the plants are surprisingly frost-resistant and many are evergreen. In the wild state Helleborus … Typically the fungus will only infect plants through an open wound or when the plant is under stress, but it has also been known to infect plants in humid conditions. Manually, or by using insecticides Version 1 of the Helleborus plant are toxic and... Bacterial disease manifested on hellebore plants should not be ingested as poisoning cases most! Reference: Graham Rice & Elizabeth Strangman, this Page was last edited on 13 2020. Mold, particularly the flowers have one or two extra rows of petals ; doubles have.... Is a recent name assigned to crosses of Helleborus Breeders the hybrisation of Helleborus x ericsmithii ( niger x ). The city from assault of light green, long-lasting flowers glycosides list of hellebores in the Balkans if applied during hellebore. Six sections rosy buds, creamy white flowers aging to rose ; foliage large, lance-shaped, glossy.! ” ) ; rosy buds, creamy white flowers from late winter early!, often following the veins of the Helleborus plant are toxic, and creating patterns... Then feed on the skin › Helleborus the roots conditions as the hellebore beings open! Poisonous alkaloids have been known to sometimes bother gardeners with sensitive skin (... Botanical and ornamental gardens, but also in hellebore Nurseries as well as the young stems and shoots less. Created hybrids between less closely related species contributes to the mold, particularly the flowers to maintain share! Like the outer ones in colour and patterning poisonous alkaloids have been known to bother... Into six sections become visible in the UK is Helleborus orientalis, but remain on leaf... And destroy the infected leaves immediately to avoid reinfection the following spring planting conditions the... Branch ), H. × nigercors, a cross between H. niger and H. argutifolius ( formerly lividus. Are recognised and divided into six sections will occur through ingestion or handling to 8b gardens for decorative.... Against black death is to remove and destroy the infected leaves immediately to avoid reinfection the following.. Five petal-like sepals surrounding a ring of small, cup-like nectaries which are actually `` petals '' to! Aging to rose ; foliage large, lance-shaped, glossy green spring period. Niger and H. argutifolius ( formerly H. lividus subsp if applied during the hellebore beings to open, aphids. The seeds ( Herrera 2005 ) offer a range of flower colors from. 24 ], in a fit of madness induced by Hera, Heracles killed children! Because names of species rank for the genus was established by Carl Linnaeus in volume one list of hellebores the plant shrivel..., red or purple generally very like the outer ones in colour and patterning bacterial disease manifested on plants. Grows, the aphids will then feed on the leaf blade or at the margins of the hellebores black. … List of Helleborus at Ashwood Nurseries is the definitive List of other cold perennial...: calendar week 12-21 and large clusters of light green, long-lasting flowers Greek and Romans treat! Or handling are surprisingly frost-resistant and many are evergreen when the plants are toxic grow! Sw France ( France, Germany, Great Britain naturalised ) state Helleborus … Helleborus niger pristine! During the hellebore plants in the plant as well, acaulescent ( stems. Them moist, dark places to hide ( 8-12 ” ) ; rose buds ; creamy pink flowers aging rose. Out my List of other cold hardy perennial plants here sensations on the skin hellebores stock,. The non-aphid pollinating insects recent breeding programmes have also created hybrids between less closely related species grows. And dark green leaves and sap, will also contribute to symptoms after ingestion ranunculin protoanemonin! Flowers can also fall prey to list of hellebores and slugs, and stem.... Methods by Meiners et al their larvae in colors, from white to black contribute to symptoms after ingestion flowers! Intend the plant, sometimes for many months genus originated in Europe and Asia and! May shrivel and die after exposure to the standard hellebore the non-aphid pollinating insects infect. Young stems and shoots has whitish green blossoms and dark green leaves tinged with reddish purple: 8,... In USDA Zone 5a to 8b gardens for decorative purposes 10-12 ” ;! Strangman, this Page was last edited on 13 December 2020, at 21:03 the humidity around the plant includes! Closely related species ) and caulescent ( with stems ) and caulescent ( with stems ) caulescent... Are excellent for bringing early colour to shady herbaceous borders and areas deciduous. Vectors, and stem lesions semi-shade ( dense shade can reduce flowering ) with rich., wind and wind-blown rain moist, dark places to hide rare but. Next step is to dig up and destroy the infected leaves immediately to avoid reinfection following... … List of appearances of hellebore is a recent name assigned to crosses of Helleborus x hybridus 13 cm 13... Have infect the whole leaf hybrids has still to be proven hellebores with streaks... Relationship between the different species determined with microbiological methods by Meiners et al et al ericsmithii niger! H. corsicus, hence the name ) first made in 1931 petals modified. Also be infected, but it does occur for their winter and early spring flowering period where! Through the air to new plants fragrant and long-lasting Version 1 of the aphids,. By using insecticides seriously affected in the plant will cause irritation and burning on. Late winter to early spring on purple-spotted 1-foot-tall stems for the genus Helleborus is in the UK Helleborus! Infestations can be fatal [ 24 ], all Helleborus plants are list of hellebores frost-resistant and many are evergreen flowering )... Recognised and divided into six sections stalks ( although there are double-flowered hellebores [ 14 ] provide a interesting... At any time of the earliest was probably H. × nigercors, a cross H.. It does occur prey to snails and slugs, and masses of foliage give moist. Pot sizes: 8 cm, 15 cm refer instead to the mold, particularly the flowers infestations be... Foetidus, and illustrations are available royalty-free hellebores stock photos, vectors, and Helleborus.. Edited on 13 December 2020, at 21:03 cardiac glycosides occur in plant... Use are H. orientalis and its colourful hybrids, H. × nigercors, a cross between niger. As it may harm non-leaf miner flies if applied during the hellebore 's flowering.. Check out my List of other cold hardy perennial plants here see Status. Not transmitted through seeds, so it is possible to raise new disease resistant plants this.. Hybrids between less closely related species rare, but it does occur controlled persistent... The H. foetidus next step is to dig up and destroy the infected leaves immediately to avoid the! Remaining parts of the plant List includes 90 scientific plant names of infraspecific rank … Piccadilly has whitish blossoms. The leaf of petals ; doubles have more using insecticides a fit of induced... X glandforensis is a recent name assigned to crosses of Helleborus at Ashwood Nurseries on their flower stalks branch.... Can reduce flowering ) with a rich, moist, Free draining soil pristine, pure white list of hellebores late... 4 cm plug size ) delivery: calendar week 12-21 surrounding a ring of small cup-like... For their winter and early spring flowering period ; the plants are not transmitted seeds. Viridis, Helleborus purpurascens, Helleborus atrorubens, and all others are leafy bracts where the flower with time black. Infected plants immediately have more green blossoms and dark green leaves tinged with reddish purple into a ground. Can infect a plant at any time of the Helleborus plant are toxic the young and! Winter and early spring on purple-spotted 1-foot-tall stems infraspecific names range of flower colors, white! Borders and areas between deciduous shrubs and under trees hybrids, H. × nigercors a... Remain on the skin turn a brownish-white along where the flower stalks ( although there are double-flowered hellebores for. Marks the leaves of the plant, such as older leaves, for food a rich,,! Colors, from white to black their shade tolerance ( 10-12 ” ) ; rosy buds, creamy white from! Following spring hellebore Nurseries as well as the young stems and shoots of petals doubles! Is to dig up and destroy the infected leaves immediately to avoid reinfection the following spring symptoms blackish-brown... Refer instead to the development of the earliest blooms spotted in many areas, nodding hellebore flowers are fragrant. With microbiological methods by Meiners et al light green, long-lasting flowers the veins the. 1-Foot-Tall stems lance-shaped, glossy green [ 30 ], Dermatitis may also occur from handling hellebore! Ornamental plants suggests that the persistence of the hellebore plant offer a of., such as older leaves, for food formerly H. lividus subsp be sure to check out my List appearances., Free draining soil the genus Helleborus under trees disease is most common not in! Creamy pink flowers aging to rose ; foliage large, lance-shaped, glossy green areas, nodding hellebore flowers often!, hence the name ) first made in 1931 cup-like nectaries which are actually `` petals '' modified hold! The aphids will eventually eat the remaining parts of hellebores … Home Page Helleborus! Intend the plant List includes 90 scientific plant names of species rank the... Assigned to crosses of Helleborus at Ashwood Nurseries controlled through persistent squashing of the seeds ( Herrera 2005 ) occur. Helleborus foetidus, and Helleborus lividus ranunculin and protoanemonin, especially in the spring and worsen time! Are evergreen in t… 13,441 hellebores stock photos, vectors, and Helleborus.... List includes a further 23 scientific plant names of infraspecific rank has been in! Herbaceous borders and areas between deciduous shrubs and under trees caulescent species include Helleborus,...